Ethics of Science and Technology: exploration of the frontiers of science and ethics (UNESCO)

When the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) was established 60 years ago, its Constitution declared that peace must be founded upon the intellectual and moral solidarity of mankind. Julian Huxley, the first Director-General, pointed out that in order to make science contribute to peace, security and human welfare, it would be necessary to relate the applications of science to a general scale of values. Guiding the development of science for the benefit of humanity will therefore imply ‘the quest for a restatement of morality … in harmony with modern knowledge’ (Huxley, 1946).

Since its foundation, UNESCO has been concerned with moral issues in relation to science. From the 1970s onwards, the emergence of the life sciences in particular has led to international examination of bioethical questions. This global focus on bioethics was institutionalized in 1993 with the establishment of the International Bioethics Committee (IBC) and a work programme and budget for international activities. The programme was expanded in 1998 with the foundation of the World Commission on the Ethics of Scientific Knowledge and Technology (COMEST), which addresses other areas of applied ethics such as environmental ethics, science ethics and technology ethics. Since 2002, UNESCO has also been coordinating the activities of international bodies in the area of bioethics through the Inter-Agency Committee on Bioethics. In the same year, UNESCO’s 191 Member States decided that ethics should be one of the priorities of the Organization.

The current revolution in science and technology has led to the concern that unbridled scientific progress is not always ethically acceptable. The need to establish common values and benchmarks, as well as to promote ethical principles and standards to guide scientific progress and technological development, is becoming increasingly acute, especially in developing countries that do not equally enjoy the benefi ts of scientifi c and technological advances. UNESCO’s work in ethics of science and technology reflects these global concerns. It examines such progress in light of ethical considerations rooted in the cultural, legal, philosophical and religious heritage of the various human communities.

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Sitios web sobre tecnociencia

“When we look at modern man, we have to face the fact that he suffers from a kind of poverty of the spirit which stands in glaring contrast to his scientific and technological abundance. We have learned to fly the air like birds, we’ve learned to swim the sea like fish, and yet we haven?t learned to walk the earth like brothers and sisters.”

Martin Luther King

UNESCO

Grupo ETC

World Transhumanist Association

Nick Bostrom

OEI

Observatorio de Bioética y Derecho

Société pour la Philosophie de la Technique

Jacques Ellul

Jacques Ellul II

Günther Anders

Günther Anders II

Hans Jonas

The President’s Council of Bioethics

“El principio de precaución” (The Precautionary Principle): COMEST-UNESCO

Descárgalo aquí: The Precautionary Principle

“Ubiquitous Computing”: Mark Weiser

A few thousand years ago people of the Fertile Crescent invented the technology of capturing words on flat surfaces using abstract symbols: literacy. The technology of literacy when first invented, and for thousands of years afterwards, was expensive, tightly controlled, precious. Today it effortlessly, unobtrusively, surrounds us. Look around now: how many objects and surfaces do you see with words on them? Computers in the workplace can be as effortless, and ubiquitous, as that. Long-term the PC and workstation will wither because computing access will be everywhere: in the walls, on wrists, and in “scrap computers” (like scrap paper) lying about to be grabbed as needed. This is called “ubiquitous computing”, or “ubicomp”.

Sigue leyendo el texto en el siguiente link: Ubiquitous Computing